Socio-Economic Characteristics and Environmental Quality of Auchi Region, Edo State, Nigeria
The link between socio-economic variables and environment has not been clearly established in literature. The study examined the relationship between the socio-economic characteristics and environmental quality of residents of Auchi Region in Edo State. A survey was conducted that covered 886 respondents in 24 spatial sampling units of the study area. The questionnaire items had Likert-type response options. The data were analysed with the aid of percentage/frequency
tables and Spearman correlation. The descriptive analyses revealed that the region has low quality environment. The result showed that income and environmental quality were positively correlated (r =0.64) and the coefficient of determination (r2 =0.41); income and water consumption had correlation of 0.68 and coefficient of determination of 0.46; and distance to primary school and environment had correlation of 0.47 and coefficient of determination of 0.22. Based on the generally low performance of the socio-economic environmental indicators and their significant explained variances, there was the need for a synergy between the
government and the residents of Auchi Region in order to address the basic needs of water, health care and education.
© Department of Geography, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria 2016